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Indigenous Immigrants and Refugees in the North American Borderlands by Brenden W. Rensink, Texas A&M Press, 2018

Chapter 1, Note 39 (pages 34 and 229)

By that time, they served the predominately Pima and Papago (O’Odham) mission as the craftsmen supervisors, helping other Native groups learn “civilized” trades (p. 34)

…for sources and discussion of concurrent tensions between Yaquis and Spanish in the region (p. 229)

Not all Yaqui-mission relations were so cordial during this early era. Jesuits voiced distress in 1740 when Yaqui interlopers were reported agitating Pimas in Pimería Alta. In November of that year, four Yaquis and one Apache were even arrested and executed for attempting to raise all of Pimería Alta in rebellion. Sinaloa and Sonora Governor Manuel Bernal de Huidobro hoped these executions would frighten the region’s Natives from joining upstart rebel movements.

See sources:

  • John L. Kessell, Mission of Sorrows: Jesuit Guevavi and the Pimas, 1691-1767 (Tucson: The University of Arizona Press, 1970), 69-70.
  • Navarro García, La Sublevación Yaqui de 1740 (Sevilla: Escuela de Estudios Hispano-Americanos, 1966), 128.